Researchers have found that ginseng consists of a rich mixture of many components, including carbohydrates, nitrogenous compounds, fat soluble compounds, vitamins, minerals and ginsenosides. Ginsenosides, in particular, are believed to be the most active ingredients in the plant.

According to recent scientific studies, ginsenosides have been found to have the following effects:
Demonstrates tranquilizing effects on the central nervous system, improves memory, analgesic, sedative, cooling, anti-oxidant and anti-aging
Hypoglycemic property, enhances Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) and Ribonucleic Acid (RNA) synthesis and has immune boosting effects
Calms the central nervous system
Stimulates production of adrenal hormones to cope with stress and enhances learning
Normalizes blood glucose levels associated with diabetes
Stimulates the central nervous system and has immune boosting effects. Enhances protein, Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) and Ribonucleic Acid (RNA) synthesis
Rb1 and Rg1 are the most important ginsenosides. The level of Rb1 exceeds Rg1 in North American ginseng by at least a 2:1 ratio. Accordingly, North American ginseng is more suitable for anti-aging, anti-stroke, protection against cardiovascular disease, calming effects, and gentle increases in energy.